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Study Guide - Chapter 18 - Endocrine and Reproductive Systems



Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Male reproductive cells are called
A)
gonads.
C)
semen.
B)
sperm.
D)
testes.
 

 2. 

One role of testosterone is to
A)
stimulate the thyroid gland.
C)
produce semen.
B)
fertilize an egg.
D)
control the production of sperm.
 

 3. 

Sperm are produced in the
A)
penis.
C)
testes.
B)
ovum.
D)
semen.
 

 4. 

The joining of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell is called
A)
ejaculation.
C)
sexual intercourse.
B)
fertilization.
D)
circumcision.
 

 5. 

Which organ nourishes the fertilized ovum?
A)
ovary
C)
fallopian tube
B)
uterus
D)
vagina
 

 6. 

The shedding of the uterine lining is referred to as
A)
ovulation.
C)
menstruation.
B)
endometriosis.
D)
vaginosis.
 

 7. 

One role of the ovaries is to
A)
store ova.
C)
move the ovum to the uterus.
B)
protect the fertilized ovum.
D)
connect the uterus and vagina.
 

 8. 

The leading cause of inferility in females is
A)
ovarian cysts.
C)
blocked fallopian tubes.
B)
ovarian cancer.
D)
vaginosis.
 

 9. 

The pituitary gland
A)
is part of the nervous system.
B)
controls the other glands in the endocrine system.
C)
coordinates the work of the nervous system, the immune system, and the endocrine system.
D)
serves as a link between the endocrine system and the nervous system.
 

 10. 

Eggs move to the uterus through the
A)
endometrium.
C)
vagina.
B)
cervix.
D)
fallopian tubes.
 

 11. 

The thyroid, adrenal, and pineal glands are all part of the
A)
reproductive system.
C)
nervous system.
B)
immune system.
D)
endocrine system.
 

 12. 

Sperm are produced in the
A)
testes.
C)
prostate gland.
B)
vas deferens.
D)
seminal vesicles.
 

 13. 

Which of the following increases heartbeat and respiration during periods of high emotion?
A)
the thyroid gland
C)
the pituitary gland
B)
the adrenal glands
D)
the pineal gland
 

Completion: Complete each statement.
 

 14. 

At birth a female's ovaries contain more than 400,000 immature reproductive cells called ____________________.
 

 

 15. 

At birth a female's ovaries contain more than __________ immature ova.
 

 

 16. 

The ____________________ is the opening to the uterus.
 

 

 17. 

____________________ is the process of releasing a mature ovum into the uterine tube each month.
 

 

 18. 

The ____________________ gland is known as the master gland.
 

 

 19. 

The ____________________ protects and nourishes the fertilized ovum from conception until birth.
 

 

 20. 

The ____________________ protects sperm by keeping the testes slightly below the normal body temperature.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each term with the correct definition below.
A)
adrenal glands
D)
parathyroid glands
B)
endocrine glands
E)
pituitary gland
C)
pancreas
F)
thyroid gland
 

 21. 

Ductless organs or group of cells that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
 

 22. 

Gland that regulates and controls the activities of all other endocrine glands
 

 23. 

Glands that help the body recover from stress and respond to emergencies
 

 24. 

Glands that regulate the body’s calcium and phosphorus balance
 

 25. 

a gland that produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth
 

 26. 

Gland that regulates the level of glucose in the blood
 
 
Match each term with the correct definition below.
A)
diabetes mellitus
D)
hormones
B)
goiter
E)
thyroid
C)
gonads
 

 27. 

Chemical substances that are produced in glands and help regulate many of your body’s functions are called ____.
 

 28. 

The ____ is the gland that produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth.
 

 29. 

Another name for the ovaries and testes is ____.
 

 30. 

is a disorder in which the pancreas produces too little or no insulin.
 

 31. 

Enlargement of the thyroid gland is referred to as ____.
 
 
Match each term with the correct definition below.
A)
epididymis
D)
sterility
B)
gonorrhea
E)
urethra
C)
prostate
 

 32. 

is the inability to reproduce.
 

 33. 

Sperm mature and are stored in the ____.
 

 34. 

is the passageway through which both semen and urine leave the male body.
 

 35. 

The second leading cause of cancer death in men in the United States is ____ cancer.
 

 36. 

is a bacterial infection that causes a discharge from the penis.
 
 
Match each term with the best definition below.
A)
scrotum
D)
cervix
B)
ova
E)
semen
C)
penis
F)
ovulation
 

 37. 

the process of releasing a mature ovum into the fallopian tube each month
 

 38. 

a thick fluid containing sperm and other secretions from the male reproductive system
 

 39. 

female reproductive cells
 

 40. 

an external skin sac that contains the testes
 

 41. 

a tube-shaped organ that extends from the trunk of the body just above the testes
 

 42. 

the opening to the uterus
 
 
Match each term with the best definition below.
A)
sperm
D)
reproductive system
B)
vagina
E)
testosterone
C)
menstruation
F)
fallopian tubes
 

 43. 

the shedding of the uterine lining
 

 44. 

the system of organs involved in producing offspring
 

 45. 

the male reproductive cells
 

 46. 

a pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw in the ovum
 

 47. 

the male sex hormone
 

 48. 

a muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body
 

Short Answer: Answer each question using complete sentences.
 

 49. 

Describe the route of sperm from its production to its ejaculation.
 

 50. 

Describe the sequence of events that occur from ovulation to pregnancy.
 



 
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