Name: 
 

Study Guide - Chapter 16 "Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems"



Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1) 

Which of the following is an inherited disorder that affects blood clotting?
A.
anemia
C.
hemophilia
B.
varicose veins
D.
leukemia
 

 2) 

Which of the following can cause immune deficiency?
A.
HIV
C.
chemotherapy
B.
aging
D.
all of the above
 

 3) 

A type of cancer that affects the lymph tissue is
A.
leukemia.
C.
hemophilia.
B.
Hodgkin’s disease.
D.
tonsillitis.
 

 4) 

Eating dark-green leafy vegetables, egg yolks, red meat, and fortified cereal may help you avoid
A.
anemia.
C.
a congenital heart defect.
B.
varicose veins.
D.
a heart murmur.
 

 5) 

Which of the following can help you maintain cardiovascular health?
A.
eating a healthy diet
C.
maintaining a healthy weight
B.
regular aerobic exercise
D.
all of the above
 

 6) 

Which are the principle organs of the respiratory system?
A.
bronchi
C.
alveoli
B.
bronchioles
D.
lungs
 

 7) 

Which is the best description of alveoli?
A.
branching passageways
C.
large airways
B.
thin-walled air sacs
D.
muscles in the chest cavity
 

 8) 

Plasma consists mostly of
A.
water.
C.
waste matter from cells.
B.
nutrients.
D.
proteins and salts.
 

 9) 

All of the following help prevent high blood pressure EXCEPT
A.
a diet low in sodium.
C.
avoiding tobacco.
B.
lack of exercise.
D.
stress management.
 

 10) 

Breathing occurs due to the contraction and relaxation of the muscles between the ribs and the
A.
rib cage.
C.
lungs.
B.
pharynx.
D.
diaphragm.
 

 11) 

One example of a congenital heart defect is
A.
leukemia.
C.
an abnormally narrow aorta.
B.
chronic high blood pressure.
D.
anemia.
 

 12) 

Teens who smoke will experience
A.
an increase in the lungs’ capacity to diffuse oxygen into the blood.
B.
a decrease in the amount of phlegm produced.
C.
an increase in the amount of air moved into the lungs per minute.
D.
a reduced rate of lung growth.
 

 13) 

The structure of the lungs can be compared to the structure of a branching tree. Which part would correspond to the trunk of the tree?
A.
the larynx
C.
the trachea
B.
the alveoli
D.
the bronchi
 

 14) 

Shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, and a chronic cough are symptoms of
A.
sinusitis.
C.
emphysema.
B.
an asthma attack.
D.
tuberculosis.
 

 15) 

The main function of red blood cells is to
A.
stop blood flow from cuts and scrapes.
B.
produce bone marrow.
C.
help fight infection.
D.
carry oxygen to cells and tissues.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
A.
arteries
D.
platelets
B.
lymph
E.
veins
C.
plasma
 

 16) 

blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
 

 17) 

cells that prevent the body’s loss of blood
 

 18) 

the fluid in which other parts of blood are suspended
 

 19) 

the clear fluid that fills the spaces around body cells
 

 20) 

blood vessels that return blood to the heart
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
A.
capillaries
D.
lymphocytes
B.
cardiovascular system
E.
ventricles
C.
hemoglobin
 

 21) 

have very thin walls to allow exchange of materials between blood and body cells.
 

 22) 

B cells and T cells are two types of ____.
 

 23) 

Together, the heart and blood vessels in the body make up the ____.
 

 24) 

The two lower, larger chambers of the heart are called ____.
 

 25) 

contains iron that binds with oxygen in the lungs.
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
A.
blood pressure
D.
illegal drugs
B.
congenital
E.
leukemia
C.
heart murmur
 

 26) 

Using ____ can harm your cardiovascular system.
 

 27) 

A septal defect is a common type of ____ heart defect.
 

 28) 

is one indicator of cardiovascular health.
 

 29) 

is a type of cancer that makes patients very susceptible to infection.
 

 30) 

A(n) ____ can be an indication that a valve in the heart is not closing properly.
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
A.
asthma
D.
pneumonia
B.
bronchitis
E.
tuberculosis
C.
pleurisy
 

 31) 

inflammation of the lungs, often caused by infection
 

 32) 

inflammation of the lining of the chest
 

 33) 

condition in which the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles narrow
 

 34) 

inflammation of the bronchi
 

 35) 

contagious bacterial infection that affects the lungs, has inactive and active phases
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
A.
emphysema
D.
sinusitis
B.
exercise
E.
smoking
C.
influenza
 

 36) 

can be caused by either allergy or infection and causes headache, fever, and congestion.
 

 37) 

is the main risk factor for many respiratory system problems.
 

 38) 

is a disease that progressively destroys the walls of the alveoli.
 

 39) 

The health of the respiratory system can be improved by ____.
 

 40) 

One common upper respiratory infection is ____.
 

Completion: Complete each statement.
 

 41) 

The ____________________, a muscle that separates the chest from the abdominal cavity, forms the base of the chest cavity.
 

 

 42) 

The ____________________ connect the trachea to the lungs.
 

 

 43) 

____________________ are formed as a result of the valves in veins not closing tightly enough to prevent backflow of blood.
 

 

 44) 

Blood travels out of the heart to the rest of the body by way of a large artery called the ____________________.
 

 

 45) 

The ____________________ is a flap of cartilage that folds down to close off the entrance to the larynx and trachea when you swallow.
 

 

 46) 

The ____________________ system includes the spleen, thymus gland, and tonsils, all of which play a role in protecting the body from infection.
 

 

Short Answer: Answer each question using complete sentences.
 

 47) 

Describe how the respiratory system protects itself from invasions by foreign substances. How can you increase this protection?
 

 48) 

Describe the route blood takes through the circulatory system. What changes occur in the blood along the way?
 

 49) 

Explain the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over