Name: 
 

Test Chapter 15 "Skeletal, Muscular, and Nervous Systems"



Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Scoliosis is best described as
a.
progressive loss of bone tissue.
c.
an inflammation of a joint.
b.
a curvature of the spine.
d.
a repetitive motion injury.
 

 2. 

Which of the following is a repetitive motion injury?
a.
scoliosis
c.
dislocation
b.
fracture
d.
carpal tunnel syndrome
 

 3. 

Bone density measurements can help detect the onset of
a.
osteoporosis.
c.
arthritis.
b.
bursitis.
d.
scoliosis.
 

 4. 

Ways to care for your skeletal system include
a.
eating a well-balanced diet.
b.
wearing pads while participating in sports.
c.
getting regular physical activity.
d.
all of the above
 

 5. 

Which of the following is an inherited disorder of the muscular system?
a.
tendonitis
c.
muscle strain
b.
muscular dystrophy
d.
hernia
 

 6. 

Aerobic exercise is especially important for
a.
cardiac muscle.
c.
skeletal muscle.
b.
smooth muscle.
d.
all of the above
 

 7. 

Which muscle types appear striated when viewed under a microscope?
a.
cardiac and smooth
c.
skeletal and cardiac
b.
skeletal and smooth
d.
skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
 

 8. 

The brain is a part of
a.
the central nervous system.
c.
the spinal cord.
b.
the peripheral nervous system.
d.
the cerebellum.
 

 9. 

Which of the following is a part of a neuron?
a.
axon
c.
cell body
b.
dendrite
d.
all of the above
 

 10. 

The part of the brain that smoothes and coordinates movements of the skeletal muscle is the
a.
pons.
c.
midbrain.
b.
cerebellum.
d.
cerebrum.
 

 11. 

The autonomic nervous system is composed of
a.
the peripheral and sympathetic nervous systems.
b.
the central and parasympathetic nervous systems.
c.
the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
d.
the somatic and the peripheral nervous systems.
 

 12. 

The neurons that exit the spinal cord and carry messages to muscles are
a.
motor neurons.
c.
nerve impulses.
b.
sensory neurons.
d.
interneurons.
 

 13. 

Which of the following best describes the natural tension found in the fibers of a muscle?
a.
muscle tone
c.
muscle weakness
b.
muscle atrophy
d.
muscle spasms
 

 14. 

Which is found in the outer ear and in some joints, where it acts as a cushion?
a.
flexors
c.
tendons
b.
cartilage
d.
ligaments
 

 15. 

Which of the following communicate with and are found between other neurons?
a.
motor neurons
c.
interneurons
b.
dendrites
d.
sensory neurons
 

 16. 

Muscles that remain unused for a period of time will become
a.
atrophied.
c.
torn.
b.
ossified.
d.
toned.
 

 17. 

Which refers to a partial tearing of a muscle?
a.
dystrophy
c.
tendonitis
b.
hernia
d.
strain
 

 18. 

What type of bone is the shoulder blade?
a.
flat
c.
irregular
b.
long
d.
short
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
a.
cartilage
d.
short bones
b.
joints
e.
tendon
c.
ligaments
 

 19. 

bones that are almost equal in length and width
 

 20. 

a strong, flexible connective tissue found in your nose and ears
 

 21. 

a band of connective tissue that attaches bone to bone
 

 22. 

points at which bone meet
 

 23. 

a fibrous cord that attaches bone to muscle
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
a.
compound fracture
d.
scoliosis
b.
dislocation
e.
torn cartilage
c.
osteoporosis
 

 24. 

Consumption of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus can help reduce the risk of ____.
 

 25. 

Arthroscopic surgery can be used to treat ____, a common sports injury.
 

 26. 

, the condition when a bone slips out of its normal position, is usually accompanied by torn ligaments.
 

 27. 

can be treated with braces or surgery.
 

 28. 

A(n) ____ is characterized by bone breaking through the skin.
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
a.
brain stem
d.
peripheral nervous system
b.
central nervous system
e.
sympathetic nervous system
c.
cerebrum
 

 29. 

The two main divisions of the nervous system are the central nervous system and the ____.
 

 30. 

The brain and the spinal cord make up the ____.
 

 31. 

The ____ is the part of the brain responsible for learning, speaking, writing and music.
 

 32. 

The ____ connects the spinal cord to the rest of the brain.
 

 33. 

The ____ is responsible for the “fight or flight” response.
 
 
Match each item to the correct term below.
a.
Alzheimer’s disease
d.
epilepsy
b.
cerebral palsy
e.
multiple sclerosis
c.
coma
 

 34. 

a disease in which neurons are destroyed, characterized by confusion and memory loss
 

 35. 

a disease in which the myelin sheath that surrounds axons is destroyed
 

 36. 

a disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
 

 37. 

a group of neurological disorders caused by damage to the brain
 

 38. 

a state of unconsciousness from which a person can’t be awakened
 
 
Match each term with the best definition below.
a.
muscle tone
f.
appendicular skeleton
b.
epilepsy
g.
neurons
c.
scoliosis
h.
cerebrum
d.
osteoporosis
i.
cartilage
e.
repetitive motion injury
j.
ligament
 

 39. 

damage to tissues caused by prolonged, repeated movements
 

 40. 

strong, flexible connective tissue
 

 41. 

the natural tension in the fibers of a muscle
 

 42. 

the largest and most complex part of the brain
 

 43. 

the 126 bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulders, and hips
 

 44. 

a lateral or side-to-side curvature of the spine
 

 45. 

a disorder of the nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
 

 46. 

nerve cells
 

 47. 

a band of fibrous, slightly elastic connective tissue that attaches bone to bone
 

 48. 

a condition in which there is a progressive loss of bone tissue
 
 
Match each term with the best definition below.
a.
brain stem
f.
reflex
b.
cerebellum
g.
hernia
c.
extensor
h.
ossification
d.
tendon
i.
flexor
e.
cardiac muscle
j.
axial skeleton
 

 49. 

the process by which bone is formed, renewed, and repaired
 

 50. 

a fibrous cord that attaches bone to muscle
 

 51. 

the 80 bones of the skull, spine, ribs, vertebrae, and sternum
 

 52. 

a stalk of nerve cells and fibers that connects the spinal cord to the rest of the brain
 

 53. 

a spontaneous response of the body to a stimulus
 

 54. 

the muscle that closes a joint
 

 55. 

the muscle that opens a joint
 

 56. 

a type of striated muscle that forms the wall of the heart
 

 57. 

the protrusion of an organ or tissue through an area of weak muscle
 

 58. 

the second largest part of the brain
 

Completion: Complete each statement.
 

 59. 

_________________________ joints, like those found in your shoulder, allow full rotation around the joint.
 

 

 60. 

The _________________________ skeleton is composed of the skull, spine, ribs, vertebrae, and sternum.
 

 

 61. 

A muscle that closes a joint is an _________________________.
 

 

 62. 

The vertebrae are examples of _________________________ bones.
 

 

 63. 

_________________________ muscle forms the walls of the heart.
 

 

 64. 

A _________________________ is a mild form of a brain injury.
 

 

 65. 

The billions of neurons in the _________________________ are the center for conscious thought, learning, and memory.
 

 

 66. 

Examples of _________________________ bones include the bones in your legs and arms.
 

 

 67. 

Messages from the _________________________ nervous system cause your heart rate to increase and blood vessels to dilate as part of the "fight or flight" response.
 

 

 68. 

A _________________________ is a bruising of the brain tissues that can result in their swelling.
 

 

 69. 

A _________________________ is when a bone slips from its normal position within a joint.
 

 

 70. 

_________________________ muscles can be found in the lining of the blood vessels, the digestive tract, the passageways that lead into the lungs, and the bladder.
 

 

Short Answer: Answer each question using complete sentences.
 

 71. 

Why are both the skeletal and the muscular systems needed for body movements? How do they work together?
 

 72. 

Why is it important to maintain muscle tone? How can you do this?
 

 73. 

What should you do to care for your nervous system?
 



 
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