Name: 
 

Study Guide - Chapter 14 "Personal Care and Healthy Behaviors"



Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is NOT a function of the skin?
a.
gathering information from the environment
b.
helping the body digest food
c.
protecting the body from infection
d.
regulating body temperature
 

 2. 

What is the function of perspiration?
a.
to block ultraviolet rays
b.
to flush out pores
c.
to cool your body as the perspiration evaporates
d.
to wash away pathogens
 

 3. 

Moles are spots on the skin that contain extra
a.
melanin.
c.
dermis.
b.
sebum.
d.
sebaceous glands.
 

 4. 

To avoid damage from ultraviolet rays, you should
a.
use tanning beds.
b.
use products to help you tan.
c.
use sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher.
d.
wear short sleeves and shorts whenever you're outdoors.
 

 5. 

The best defense against acne is
a.
avoiding greasy foods.
c.
not eating chocolate.
b.
squeezing the acne.
d.
keeping your skin clean.
 

 6. 

When you get a tattoo, you run the risk of contracting
a.
boils.
b.
cancer.
c.
hepatitis C.
d.
vitiligo.
 

 7. 

What forms when a hair follicle becomes infected with bacteria?
a.
a wart
b.
vitiligo
c.
a boil
d.
dandruff
 

 8. 

The pink tissue that holds your teeth in place is the
a.
cementum.
b.
dentin.
c.
pulp.
d.
gum.
 

 9. 

When the upper and lower teeth do not meet properly, the condition is known as
a.
periodontal disease.
c.
impacted teeth.
b.
a malocclusion.
d.
halitosis.
 

 10. 

Tooth decay occurs when
a.
a buildup of plaque eats away tooth enamel.
b.
the bacteria in plaque produce acids that destroy tooth enamel.
c.
bacteria drill into weak areas of the tooth enamel.
d.
acid destroys plaque, exposing tooth enamel.
 

 11. 

Halitosis is another term for
a.
bad breath.
c.
tooth decay.
b.
cracked teeth.
d.
irritated gums.
 

 12. 

For healthy teeth, you should eat a diet that contains high levels of
a.
sports drinks.
c.
calcium.
b.
sugar.
d.
foods containing acids.
 

 13. 

The clear tissue that covers the front of the eye is called the
a.
cornea.
b.
pupil.
c.
iris.
d.
lens.
 

 14. 

Which condition leads to permanent loss of vision?
a.
myopia
c.
strabismus
b.
macular degeneration
d.
astigmatism
 

 15. 

Cataracts
a.
can be corrected with glasses.
b.
are caused by a damaged retina.
c.
stem from a malfunction of the macula.
d.
make images appear foggy or blurry.
 

 16. 

The ears convert sounds into
a.
scar tissue.
c.
earwax.
b.
nerve impulses.
d.
bacterial infections.
 

Completion: Complete each statement.
 

 17. 

The outermost layer of your skin is the ____________________.
 

 

 18. 

Overexposure to ultraviolet radiation can lead to ____________________, a form of skin cancer.
 

 

 19. 

____________________, the hardest material in your body, covers a tooth's crown.
 

 

 20. 

A soft tissue called ____________________ fills the center of each tooth.
 

 

 21. 

The ____________________ is the layer of cells that lines the back of the eye.
 

 

 22. 

At the end of the ear canal is a thin membrane called the ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
a.
epidermis
f.
hair follicle
b.
ossicles
g.
tartar
c.
periodontal disease
h.
dandruff
d.
sweat glands
i.
cochlea
e.
cornea
 

 23. 

The organ of hearing in the inner ear where nerve impulses are generated in response to sound waves.
 

 24. 

an inflammation of the periodontal structures
 

 25. 

a structure that surrounds the root of a hair
 

 26. 

a condition in which dead skin cells are shed from the scalp as sticky, white flakes
 

 27. 

three small bones linked together that connect the eardrum to the inner ear
 

 28. 

a transparent tissue that bends and focuses light before it enters the lens
 

 29. 

structures within the dermis that secrete perspiration through ducts to pores on the skin’s surface
 

 30. 

the substance formed when plaque hardens
 

 31. 

the outer, thinner layer of the skin that is composed of living and dead cells
 

Short Answer
 

 32. 

Describe the causes and effects of two structural problems of the teeth and mouth.
 

 33. 

Describe some ways to prevent teeth and gum problems.
 

 34. 

Identify the functions of the skin.
 

 35. 

Create a plan to care for your hair.
 

 36. 

Explain how your eyes allow you to see.
 

 37. 

Identify two ways to keep your eyes healthy.
 

 38. 

Compare and contrast nearsightedness and farsightedness.
 

 39. 

Explain how your ears allow you to hear.
 

 40. 

Identify ways to keep your ears healthy.
 



 
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