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Study Guide - Chapter 4: Physical Activity For Life



Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which statement about physical activity is true?
a.
Household chores are not considered a form of physical activity.
b.
Physical activity only provides physical benefits.
c.
Playing video games is a form of physical activity.
d.
Physical activity is any movement that requires the use of large muscle groups.
 

 2. 

The amount of weight you can lift is one measure of
a.
muscular endurance.
c.
flexibility.
b.
muscular strength.
d.
cardiovascular endurance.
 

 3. 

Body composition is
a.
not a very good indicator of your body's fitness.
b.
a measure of how well you can bend, stretch, and twist your body.
c.
the amount of fat tissue in your body compared to the amount of lean tissue.
d.
estimated by comparing your height to your weight.
 

 4. 

The five components of fitness are
a.
cardiorespiratory strength, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body weight.
b.
cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular composition, muscular strength, flexibility, and body type.
c.
cardiorespiratory endurance, cardiorespiratory strength, muscular flexibility, body weight, and body height.
d.
cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition.
 

 5. 

Swimming, running, brisk walking, and cross-country skiing are all forms of
a.
isometric exercise.
c.
aerobic exercise.
b.
isokinetic exercise.
d.
anaerobic exercise.
 

 6. 

During isokinetic exercise, muscles
a.
contract at a constant rate.
b.
contract and relax through the full range of a joint's motion.
c.
do not contract at all.
d.
contract but very little body movement takes place.
 

 7. 

The FITT formula stands for
a.
frequency, interest, time, and target.
b.
fitness, improvement, time, and type.
c.
fitness, intensity, talk, and test.
d.
frequency, intensity, time, and type.
 

 8. 

A five- to ten-minute period of mild exercise that prepares your body for more vigorous exercise is called a
a.
rest.
c.
workout.
b.
cool-down.
d.
warm-up.
 

 9. 

Dehydration is
a.
excessive sugar intake.
c.
reduced heart rate.
b.
excessive water loss.
d.
lack of sweat.
 

 10. 

Which of the following actions is most important to take before beginning an exercise program?
a.
Eat a sports-nutrition bar.
c.
Consult your doctor.
b.
Drink a sports drink.
d.
Purchase expensive equipment.
 

 11. 

Which of the following statements about dietary supplements is true?
a.
Doctors do not recommend dietary supplements.
b.
Dietary supplements are guaranteed to provide the benefits they claim.
c.
A proper diet is the best way to provide your body with all the materials it needs.
d.
Dietary supplements undergo the same strict testing as medications do.
 

 12. 

Which of the following IS NOT an effect of steroids?
a.
increased growth
c.
mood swings
b.
hair loss
d.
cardiovascular disease
 

 13. 

Overuse injuries occur when you
a.
use the same joints repetitively during workouts.
b.
allow your body to recover between workouts.
c.
participate in a variety of activities.
d.
treat joints with rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
 

 14. 

A person with hypothermia...
a.
requires immediate medical attention.
b.
has frozen body tissue.
c.
should move to a cool place.
d.
has a sudden increase in body temperature.
 

 15. 

Muscle cramps are a possible effect of...
a.
application of light pressure.
c.
immobilization.
b.
hypothermia.
d.
dehydration.
 

 16. 

Unusual weight gain or loss and sterility can result from...
a.
anabolic steroid use.
c.
excessive heat loss.
b.
inadequate rest.
d.
dehydration.
 

 17. 

Frostbite can be prevented by...
a.
wrapping yourself in a blanket.
b.
dressing warmly and covering exposed skin.
c.
drinking warm liquids.
d.
wearing loose-fitting clothing.
 

 18. 

A condition when a bone slips from its normal position at a joint is referred to as...
a.
a dislocation.
c.
a muscle strain.
b.
a fracture.
d.
tendonitis.
 

 19. 

Disorientation and loss of motor control can result from...
a.
hypothermia.
c.
frostbite.
b.
anabolic steroid use.
d.
heatstroke.
 

 20. 

A sedentary lifestyle WILL NOT lead to...
a.
osteoporosis.
c.
low cholesterol.
b.
cardiovascular disease.
d.
diabetes.
 

 21. 

Before exercising, you should allow your pulse rate to increase gradually by...
a.
working out.
c.
stretching out.
b.
warming up.
d.
cooling down.
 

Completion: Complete each statement.
 

 22. 

Lifting weights, doing push-ups, and sprinting are examples of ____________________ activities.
 

 

 23. 

In an ____________________ exercise, muscles contract but very little body movement takes place.
 

 

 24. 

When you practice ____________________, you participate in a wide variety of activities.
 

 

 25. 

An ____________________ is any product that contains one or more vitamins, minerals, herbs, or other dietary substances that may be lacking in the diet.
 

 

 26. 

Anabolic steroids are artificial forms of the hormone ____________________.
 

 

Matching: Match each term in the left column with the best definition in the right column. Write the letter of the best choice in the space provided.
 
 
a.
heat cramps
f.
sedentary lifestyle
b.
muscular endurance
g.
overload
c.
physical fitness
h.
flexibility
d.
resting heart rate
i.
body composition
e.
strain
j.
sprain
 

 27. 

the ability of muscles to perform over long periods of time without becoming fatigued
 

 28. 

the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion
 

 29. 

a condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendon
 

 30. 

the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have energy left over
 

 31. 

the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue
 

 32. 

muscular spasms caused by loss of large amounts of salt and water through perspiration
 

 33. 

working the body harder than it is normally worked
 

 34. 

injury to the ligament around a joint
 

 35. 

the number of times your heart beats in oneminute when you are not active
 

 36. 

a way of life that involves little physical activity
 

Short Answer
 

 37. 

Identify the four different types of physical benefits provided by physical activity.
 

 38. 

Compare and contrast aerobic exercise and anaerobic exercise.
 

 39. 

Using the FITT formula, develop a plan for you to achieve lifelong fitness.
 

 40. 

Predict what might happen to a person who does not include a cool-down period in his or her workout routine.
 

 41. 

Describe the elements of a good warm-up.
 

 42. 

Suggest at least three safety precautions an athlete should take when exercising outdoors for over an hour on a warm, sunny day.
 

 43. 

Evaluate the risks of using anabolic steroids.
 

 44. 

Katarina sprained her ankle due to overuse. Suggest a treatment for her sprained ankle.
 



 
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